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The Unthinkable Pdf/E–pub


Churchills Trial eHatFor all these reasons perhaps heroes feel a nonnegotiable duty to help others when they can It s something in your heart your soul and yourmotions that gets a hold of you and says I gotta do something Oliner says This finding agrees with the results of other albeit scant research into heroism People who perform heroic acts are very often those who are helpers in A Conspiracy of Ravens (Lady Trent Mysteries everyday life be they firefighters or nurses or police officersPerhaps because of their training andxperience heroes also have confidence in their own abilities In general like almost all people who perform well under Lakeside Redemption extreme stress heroes believe they shape their own destinies Psychologists call this an internal locus of control I asked Roger Olian if he felt in control of what happens to him There s no uestion in my mind To a very large degree he said Even if I couldn t control it I would feel like I should Bystanders on the other hand tend to feel buffeted by forces beyond their control They pay scant attention to other people s problems They will concentrate on their own need for survival Oliner says And bystanders it s worth remembering are what most of us areCOur obedience to authority in a disaster can be an asset if the people in charge understand it For years aviation safetyxperts could not understand why passengers did so little to save themselves in plane crashes They would sit in their seats instead of going to an In Pursuit of a Princess exit Those who did get up had an infuriating tendency to reach for their carry on baggage before leaving Then once they made it to thexit door they would pause for a dangerous amount of time before jumping down the slide And in plane crashes remember you usually have a matter of seconds not minutes to get outIn a series of Second Time Loving experiments safety officials ran regular people through mockvacuations from planes The trials weren t nearly as stressful as real vacuations of course but it didn t matter People specially women hesitated for a surprisingly long time before jumping onto the slide That pause slowed the Dark Awakening evacuation forveryone But there was a way to get people to move faster If a flight attendant stood at the Hawks Way (Hawks Way exit and screamed at people to jump the pause all but disappeared the researchers found In fact if flight attendants did not aggressively direct thevacuation they might as well have not been there at all A study by the Cranfield University Aviation Safety Centre found that people moved just as slowly for polite and calm flight attendants as they did when there were no flight attendants presentcPanic occurs if and only if three other conditions are present uarantelli concluded First people must feel that they may be trapped Knowing they are definitely trapped is not the same thing In fact in submarine disasters such as the horrific sinking of the Russian submarine Kursk in 2000 humans are not likely to panic The crew knows there is no way out At submarine depths Family Men even if they were to swim out of the hatch they would not surviveBut if people worry that they might be trapped that is a trigger for panicven in wide open spaces War refugees caught in the open by strafing planes can develop as acute a sense of potential Creative Participation entrapment as individuals in a building during anarthuake who see all Sabina Spielrein exits becoming blocked by debris uarantelli wroteSecond panic reuires a sensation of great helplessness which often grows from interaction with others What starts as an individual sense of impotencescalates when people see their feelings reflected around them One person caught in Cognitive Radio Networks explosions in a factoryxplained it this way to uarantelli I can truthfully say that when I heard the moaning and crying of the others I Did Get Uite Panicky Perhaps The Blitz get uite panicky Perhaps the Blitz the Three Mile Island accident like most disasters did not cause panic because people did not feel very helpless They could take shelter or Personnel Management in Government evacuate after all And following the Lake Wobegonffect the psychological phenomenon named after Garrison Keillor s above average town most people probably suspected that they would be among the average town most people probably suspected that they would be among the onesThe final prereuisite to panic is a sense of profound isolation uarantelli found Surrounded by others all of whom feel utterly powerless we realize we are Out of This World exuisitely alone We understand that we could be saved but no one is going to do it Panic is in a way what happens when human beings glimpse their own impending mortality and know that it didn t have to be socIt was hard to hear or think with the constant thud of the water hitting our precarious plastic shelter Every thirty seconds or so when a spray of ice cold water leaked through my fellow survivors wouldrupt in shrieks At that moment I remembered once being told by a military researcher that very cold or very hot The Time It Never Rained environments tend to degrade human performance very very uickly Theffect tends to be geometric Sitting there for just five minutes in the wet stinking huddle I felt suddenly The Child of the Soul and Other Stories exhausted I knew I d be out of there in time for dinner I knew my life wasn tven remotely in danger and I did not feel afraid But still I felt surprisingly drained My brain must have been Working Harder Than I Consciously harder than I consciously At that moment the idea of uietly surrendering in a real disaster didn t seem uite so unimaginablecThe Finer DistinctionsAt an upscale restaurant in downtown Portland Oregon two women are Childrens Phantasies eating together at a table by the window In the middle of their conversation a drunken homeless man stumbles up to the window unzips his pants and pulls his penis up to the table After a short period of gasps and guffaws the police are called Officer Loren Christensen arrives at the scene and finds twoxtremes One of the women he says is laughing her head off The other is slumped on a bench in the lobby with someone fanning herIn his twenty five years as a police officer Christensen noticed this kind of variance often particularly among female victims of flashers One would laugh it off Another would be nraged Still another would be motionally traumatized Christensen who has retired from the police force and now works as an author and martial arts instructor has always had trouble discerning what makes one person react so differ. T out to discover what lies beyond fear and speculation In this magnificent work of investigative journalism Ripley retraces the human response to some of history’s The Soviet Union epic disasters from thexplosion of the Mont Blanc munitions ship in 1917–one of the biggest Gods and Heroes explosions before the invention of the atomic bomb–to a plane crash in England in 1985 that mystified investigators for years to the journeys of the 15000 people who found their way out of the World Trade Center on September 11 2001 Then to understand the science behind the stories Ripley turns to leading brain scientists trauma psychologists and other disasterxperts formal and informal from a Holocaust survivor who studies heroism to a master gunfighter who learned to overcome the Science, Technology and Culture eff. Storytelling isssential to survival It s what turns preparation into ritual and victims into saviors I had this review 95% written and my computer died because its battery is crap And now it s goneIt was a bomb review Just pretend you read it and it was REALLY goodUnfortunately you are left with the half assed version of my review because I ve had an No Beast So Fierce extremely rough week I basically have the mentalnergy of a toad right nowVeering away from the disaster that is my life let s talk about The Unthinkable Life becomes like molten metal he wrote Old customs crumble and instability rules For a book about panic 911 hu This book tells you many useful things about survival human s mind and disasters and I really njoy the author s sense of humor as well Informative ducational and Last Chance Bride effectively written We need non fictional books like thisPS I really like how scientists are having all the fun when they run theirxperiments 1 getting people to jump from building with safety neat beneath and 2 getting people to swim through a mazelike swimming pool so they can analyze how human s brain would work at the state of crisis I hate to fly but if I want to see my oldest son who lives 1700 miles away I pretty much have to When I was four months pregnant with this son I was on a flight that had a fire in the cabin shortly after takeoff so the pilot told us we needed to assume the crash position return to the airport land on a runway surrounded by fire trucks and Whos Cheatin Who? (Thoroughbred Legacy exit using the wingvacuation slides Everything turned out fine but it was pretty darn scary at the time I ve been terrified to fly Lawman Lover (Outlaws, ever since asking my doctor for four Xanax four times a year when I had to fly She has become less willing to prescribe them so now I just have a drink before boarding When I Easy read on history of disaster planning Good gut check on understand risk and how to respond Starts with the Halifax Explosion in 1917 andxplores 911 1993 bombing Sewer City Girl in Training explosions of Guadalajara and Katrina Some of the interesting items 1 Initial response in a disaster is always by neighbors or self rescue so be prepared 2 Understand risk of activities don t watch the news references Taleb above so Heart Attack Cancer Stroke Car accident A study showed an additional 2000 road deaths due to the decrease in air travel after 911 So based on that we should all start our day with 20 minutes of meditation and a bowl of Oatmeal 3 Very good information on fear During a crisis people go catatonic than panic Use profanity and scream to get people to move For an individual military training helps make a planxecute the plan or just uickly think about why you need to live Also during a crisis most people lose track of time or can have tunnel vision or total vision loss Hero s tend to be unmarried males without children the rest of us need to save our necks for our progeny Very interesting story on Rick Rescorla Director of Security for Morgan Stanley in the World Trade Center After the fiasco of the 1993 bombing he gave up on the port authority for disaster planning He had actual annual fire drills unlike the rest of the world trade center He was ridiculed by the organization this was a bunch of rich investment bankers But 8 years later he was vindicated when he got out 2800 Mystery at Kittiwake Bay employees of Morgan Stanley alive Only 14 died which included himself and 4 of his guards Take aways now the relative risk of disasters in your area practice fire drills follow tornado flood and hurricane warnings count the seats to anxit in a plane take the stairs out of a hotel after checking in take defensive driving seriously Meditate not just for heart health but to calm in a disaster Kinda disappointed to be honest I mean it is an Dangerous Waters (Cold Case Files engaging read and the her writing style is very readable which is why I m so frustrated with how mediocre the actual content was I think myxpectations were misled by the subtitle on the cover Who Survives When Disaster Strikes and Why From the subtitle I was Expecting An Eye Opening Thought an The Husband (Smytheshire, Massachusetts, eye opening thought book based on scientific studies and statistical research similar to Freakonomics and The Tipping Pointtc but what we got were psychological profiles of the different human responses to disaster Which is interesting nough as it is but Ripley doesn t uite tell us why people with these particular traits survive or at least she doesn t really link her arguments and points well so ach section feels very disjointed and muddled and the point is lost in there somewhere A couple months ago my place of An Italian Education employment sent me to a Readiness Conference I fan girled out listening to Dr Kevin Menes talk about hisxperience in the mergency department responding to the Las Vegas shooting aftermath Seriously The guy deserves a medal and is a walking superhero in health care The next session was on responding to shooters in the work force The thing that both Dr Menes and the xpert shooter response trainers continued to reiterate is something I completely agree with But it took my belief from a personal anecdote to something with concrete data when tragedy strikes YOU are the first responder Not 911 So what are you doing to be ready What makes you confident you ARE AS READY AS YOU CAN as ready as you can This book was referenced several times and I immediately put it on my short list to read It s now on my short list to buy Phenomenal book There s still a long way to go and I ve had a method of self defense for years but this takes it to a whole new level When I sit in a restaurant now I know the xits When I m going around corners I Look For The Hallway look for the hallway And a million other small awareness things The book breaks down behavioral response to disaster propensity for certain behaviors during disaster and pushes the reader towards readiness Not in order to instill anxiety in the ready but to instill confidence because we know what the heck we would do IF We ve wrestled those demons and we re at peace with a plan Beyond fascinating and practical Highly recommend I d rate this a PG 13 for heavy adult material swearing and scenes of death and destruction Incredible A textbook basically on all things scary And an xtremely illuminating one at It lurks in the corner of our imagination almost beyond our ability to see it the possibility that a tear in the fabric of life could open up without warning upending a house a skyscraper or a civilization Today nine out of ten Americans live in places at significant risk of Daddy Wanted earthuakes hurricanes tornadoes terrorism or other disasters Tomorrow some of us will have to make split second choices to save ourselves and our families How will we react What will it feel like Will we be heroes or victims Will our upbringing our gender our personality–anything we’vever learned thought or dreamed of–ultimately matter    Amanda Ripley an award winning journalist for Time magazine who has covered some of the most devastating disasters of our age se. Ently from another Forbidden Stranger even in war when he was a military policeman In Vietnam I saw people psychologically impacted in thextreme who worked as cooks Cooks And I saw infantrymen who had seriously faced the dragon who appeared at least on the surface to be fine Resilience is a precious skill People who have it tend to also have three underlying advantages a belief that they can influence life Snowy River Man events a tendency to find meaningful purpose in life s turmoil and a conviction that they can learn from both positive and negativexperiences These beliefs act as a sort of buffer cushioning the blow of any given disaster Dangers seem manageable to these people and they perform better as a result Trauma like beauty is in the ye of the beholder says George Everly Jr at the Johns Hopkins Center for Public Health Preparedness in Balti MarylandThis makes sense A healthy proactive worldview should logically lead to resilience But it s the kind of unsatisfying answer that begs another uestion If this worldview leads to resilience well what leads to the worldviewThe answer is not what we might xpect Resilient people aren t necessarily yoga practicing Buddhists One thing that they have in abundance is confidence As we saw in the chapter on fear confidence that comes from realistic rehearsal or Les brumes d'avalon : roman even laughter soothes the disruptiveffects of Malakai (Wicked Games, extreme fear A few recent studies have found that people who are unrealistically confident tend to fare spectacularly well in disasters Psychologists call these people selfnhancers but you and I would probably call them arrogant These are people who think highly of themselves than other people think of them They tend to come off as annoying and self absorbed In a way they might be better adapted to crises than they are to real lifeLess than a year after the civil war The Carpenters Wife and Heart of Stone ended George Bonanno at Columbia University interviewed seventyight Bosnia Herzegovina citizens in Sarajevo Each person in the study rated himself or herself when it came to psychological problems interpersonal skills health problems and moodiness Then ach person was rated by his or her peers A small group of people rated themselves significantly higher than others did And these were the people found by mental health professionals to be better adjustedAfter 911 Bonanno found a similar pattern among survivors who were in or near the World Trade Center during the attacks Those with high senses of self worth rebounded relatively asily They The Family Plan even had lower levels of the stress hormone cortisol in their saliva Their confidence was like a vaccine against life s vicissitudesSeveral studies have found that people with higher Is tend to fare better after a trauma Resilient people may be smarter in other words Why would that be Perhaps intelligence helps people think creatively which might in turn lead to a greater sense of purpose and control Or maybe the confidence that comes with a high I is what leads to the resilience to begin withThe important point is thatveryone regardless of I can manufacture self A Family Practice esteem through training andxperience That is what soldiers and police officers will tell you that confidence comes from doing As we saw in Chapter 3 the brain functions much better when it is familiar with a problem We feel in control because we are in control But in certain situations like the one in which Shacham found himself as a rookie cop sitting next to a violent criminal who had called his bluff neither A Doctor in Her Stocking (From Here to Maternity experience nor training could rescue him He drew upon somethinglse something fundamentalC Everyone should read this book Besides being filled with utterly fascinating tales of how different people react during disasters did you know panic is actually an Celebrity Bachelor extremely rare response it gives very helpful ideasplans for how to prepare yourself mentally for being involved in one This is the type of book you re always reading bits aloud to whoever happens to be in the room I cannot stress how terrific and interesting it isjust knowing the most common reasons people die in disasters could save you because these reasons are not at all what you re always believed Anxceptional book are not at all what you re always believed An For Better and Worse exceptional book who survives and who doesn t in a disaster Amanda Ripley writesWe flirt shamelessly with risk today constructing city skylines in hurricane alleys and neighborhoods on top of fault lines Largely because of where we live disasters have become freuent andxpensive But as we build Cassidys Kids (Maitland Maternity, ever impressive buildings and airplanes we do less and less to build better survivors How did we get this way The I learned the I wondered how much of our survival behaviors and misbehaviors could bexplained by Rescuing the Texans Heart evo I am admittedly very interested in disasters and their aftermath I have beenver since I was a girl I remember reading about The Titanic with fascination I was obsessed with Pompeii for a while Earthuakes tsunamis floods all of it Maybe it s because when I was young my town flooded for several days our basement filling with water and my dad away all day filling sandbags as the streets flowed like a river I don t know But I ve always had a healthy fear of and fascination with what happens when things go wrongWhen a friend recommended this book to me I checked it out from the library right away and I m glad I did Ripley s writing style is both informative citing studies and interviewing researchers in the field of human stress and behavior as well as casual in tone She interviews disaster survivors from 9 11 fires active shooting situations and plane crashes giving insight into the different types of reactions that one can have when confronted with an xtremely stressful situation We learn about the three phases of a human s disaster response and how to help ourselves do a little better to nsure that we phases of a human s disaster response and how to help ourselves do a little better to Her Cowboy Hero (Refuge Ranch ensure that we likely to be safe I found it fascinating I wanted to bring up some of the ideas with people I talk to as well as apply some of her thoughts into my own life It s straightforward and frightening sometimes but isn t trying to be scary it s trying to inform and change behavior Highly recommended for anyone who wants to feel confident about how to keep themselves safe in those once in a lifetime situation. Ects ofxtreme fear Finally Ripley steps into the dark corners of her own imagination having her brain Un hros pour Rayne (Delta Force Heroes t. 1) examined by military researchers andxperiencing through realistic simulations what it might be like to survive a plane crash into the ocean or to Mine to Take (Nine Circles, escape a raging fire     Ripley comes back with precious wisdom about the surprising humanity of crowds thelegance of the brain’s fear circuits and the stunning inadeuacy of many of our His L.A. Cinderella evolutionary responses Most unexpectedly she discovers the brain’s ability to do much much better with just a little help The Unthinkablescorts us into the bleakest regions of our nightmares flicks on a flashlight and takes a steady look around Then it leads us home smarter and stronger than we were before. .



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The Unthinkable
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