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As possible for readers to understand And for that I really appreciate the authors However following were some f the things I didn t like1 I m not sure if all the mental models that were talked about in this are actually mental models in reality Cases in point barriers to entry exit appeasement technology adoption life cycle etc In my view they re actual literal concepts terms and I m not sure in what respect are they being referred to as mental models2 Given that mental models is still not an extremely prevalent thing and is still finding its roots in the lower echelons The Public Hating: A Collection of Short Stories of the society general populace I think a lotf the common and predominant mental models covered in the book should have found explanations Case in point Confirmation biasI mean if I m expected to apply these mental models in my life then surely a couple Soeur Angèle ou le feu sacré de la joie of paragraphs will not suffice to drive home the point3 I m not sure how much efforts the authors had put in to de jargonise the concepts I mean at a few places I even found myself who s always interested in the subject just aimlessly slogging through the pages to getver it4 I also think people who re new to the world f mental models might find it difficult to get a hold f the concepts in this book because f the above factors Because when you re talking technical not easy to understand things you cannot expect to just touch ver them and expect people to get it5 And surprising part is even with the lack Dirty Dozen 2 (12 Taboo XXX Tales) of the above things I felt the book still was unnecessarily lengthy I mean it took me close to a month to wrap it up which is usually never the case And definitely not for a bookf 300 dd pagesAnd finally not so much as a concern for readers but for authors I think the title f the book is really ff putting to the general public And it s not my pinion It s what I bserved from the expressions and receptiveness f people when they came to know that I m reading a book called Super Thinking A good collection f mental models extracted from various disciplines which if applied properly can help broaden ne s perspective Very similar to Charlie Munger s emphasis n breadth f knowledge and when magic happens when a confluence Step by Step to Stand-Up Comedy of factors across a broad spectrum manifest themselves in a lollapalooza effect A few mental models that stoodut1 Argue from first principles go back to basics and figure Greetings! out what are we really trying to solve2 Be aware that your views are being framed by people around you eg first impressions media3 To avoid personal biasesr framed perspective walk a mile in their shoes try to see from their point f view as impartially as possible using a third person s view How are we being perceived by the bserver4 Learned selflessness people stop trying when they believe their efforts just don t cut it any Tribeca or it s just not worth it any Results in active disengagement 5 Thinking gray the world is not black and white Truly effective leaders are able to see shadesf gray inherent in a situation and make wise decisions Grey's Lady on how to proceed 6 Tragedyf the commons free riders stems back to human nature to be selfish and greedy Especially if the specific action does not come with any negative conseuences financial social civic etc Rules and regulations need to be set to draw the line they need to be enforced Blue Streak or else another negative norm is set which will make it harder to unwind Good examplen the preschool imposition The Asketikon of St Basil the Great of preschool late pick up fines that made itkay to pay for the teachers extra time leading to late pick ups When the fine was removed the numbers didn t recover because a new norm has been set7 Asymmetric information eg Real Estate agent vs buyer8 Goodhart s law when a measure becomes a target it ceases to be a good measure 9 Technical debt in programming most coders tend to prioritise short term code fixes ver long term well designed nes Over time the debts accumulate to make the code clunky and someone in the future will have to fix the mess Short termism10 Path dependence Sometimes the utcome was decided by a path taken earlier Trick is to recognize points f no return11 Paradox Stanford Wong Flunks Big-Time of choicever abundance Thoroughly Disarmed of choice lead to fearf making suboptimal choices unhappiness Improve design by limiting choice where possible12 The top idea in your mind most people have ne r two and their thoughts will drift toward when they re allowed to Normally these are things that excite them because they are impactful However not many rganisations allow time for people to have their minds drift freely into these top ideas and put them into actions These are the ideas that can move the needle and generate passion amongst people eg Google13 Deep Work Allow People To Spend Time On Tackling The Really allow people to spend time n tackling the really things undisturbed Most people will want to solve problems they know how to solve These are the B problems at best In the long run the company will be a B company The A problems are hard by definition and reuire deep unobstructed work and to be a truly top The Angry Planet organisation deep workn top f best people *Are Needed To Solve *needed to solve really tough problems14 What is important is seldom urgent and what is urgent is seldom important Dwight Eisenhower 15 Parkinson s law work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion 15 Reframe the problem to help look at it from different angles The shortcuts can normally be found eg hackers reframe the problem from How can we best guess your password to how can we best get your password 16 It s not the most intellectual r strongest f species that survives but the ne that is best to adapt to the changing environment17 Don t fight with nature inertia reuires significant amount A Chance Acquaintance of activation energy Make sure you have that first 18 Shirky principle institutions will try to preserve the problem which they are the solution Reminds mef Ronald Reagan s autobiography where he shared his encounter with unemployment ffices discouraging people to take up jobs but to receive their handouts instead bureaucracy s number ne bjective is to preserve the bureaucracy19 Flywheel a rotating disk that is used to store energy to create momentum20 Homeostasis rganism regulates itself around a certain condition similar to The Wallflower's Revenge organisations regulating itself around a certain metricsr values 21 Technology adoption cycle innovators 25% early adopters 135% early majority 34% late majority 34% laggards 16%22 Metcalfe s law non linear growth in network value when nodes are connected to ne another 23 Accept that we are surrounded by chaotic system and adaptability is the key success factor Don t be lulled into a sense f stability and put effort into creating a perfect system in the stable system that does not exist in the first places It s War to the Knife: Bleeding Kansas, 1854-1861 okay to plan ahead just be aware that all it takes is a flapf the butterfly s wings to undo the plans24 Luck surface area lucky people are not lucky They tend to spread themselves that covers a wide surface area such that when an pportunity arises they are there25 For any issues spread themselves that covers a wide surface area such that when an pportunity arises they are there25 For any issues You can just read Super Thinking a fun illustrated guide to every mental model you could possibly need How can mental models help you Well here are just a few examples • If you've ever been verwhelmed by a to do list that's grown too long maybe you need the Eisenhower Decision Matrix to help you prioritize • Use the 5 Whys model to better understand people's motivations r get to the root cause f a problem • Before concluding that your colleague who messes up your projects is ut to sabotage you consider Hanlon's Razor for an alternative explanatio. When I saw a tweet from Annie Duke saying the world would improve immediately if everyone read this book I had to check it Introductory Algebra: Models Concepts Skills out I wasn t disappointed This book is simple easy to follow and gives mental models that greatly help your decision making It has a heavy Charlie Munger influence and feel throughout the book which was an added bonus The authors uote himften and use him and Warren Buffett in several examples I also appreciated that it was written by the DuckDuckGo CEO as he used some good technology references that I enjoyed I could write a lot about the different models covered but I ll spare an exhaustive list just know you will have the decision making tools billionaires like Charlie Munger use to simplify complex decisions across a wide array Marriage After God: Chasing Boldly After God’s Purpose for Your Life Together of industries You will see connections you d normally miss and have insights that put you in an advantageous position when it comes to judgment and decision making It s a great read worth ch Mental Models applied in real life contextThe book did an excellent job by connecting mental models in real life context using a storytelling style rather an academic listingf the modelsHighly recommend No star rating I think it would rely too much n individual contextST is a book about everything and nothingMental models are framed named concepts than encapsulated knowledge and bservation to simplify reasoning and problem solving But the problem is t I love mental models but this book can t even install 1 Blue Blood of them to the readers mind It is a listf 100s The Gollywhopper Games: Friend or Foe of mental models explained in a few sentences This should not have been a book but a listf mental models instead maybe a webpage Parafilias (Spanish Edition) or something I m not sure what was Gabriel thinking turning this into a book but each mental model deserves itswn course practices posts examples Each mental model can be turned in to small books But cramming 100s It's Like This of them into a single book like this is just foolish Overall I cannly recommend this book if you want to go The Mirage over 100sf mental models in a fast way But when someone creates a decent mental model list in to a searchable form this book will be history Here is my list enjoy Before starting it I had misgivings about whether Lauren McCann and Gabriel Weinberg s Super Thinking would be worthwhile for me to read This was mainly because I have already studied a lot f mental models from various fields f research and also because it seemed a bit too self helpy for my taste But my best friend bought me a copy so I took it up in Rituels secrets des Templiers order to discuss with himTo its credit Super Thinking is probably the most comprehensive and up to date collectionf mental models recurring concepts that help us explain predict r approachseemingly disparate subjects available to modern readers vii McCann and Weinberg s goal is to highlight a variety f broadly useful A Mild Suicide or super models that serve as mental tools for successfully understanding and navigating the many challengesf life viii They claim that the proper application Beethoven for a Later Age: The Journey of a String Quartet of these models will result in the ability to think better about the world which you can use to your advantage to make better decisions both personally and professionally viii emphasis theirsThe book is clever and well written with lotsf images funny comics and unintimidating graphs that provide multiple pathways to content comprehension Its strongest feature is the sheer number Born to Ride: A Story About Bicycle Face of mental modelsn Origen: Scholarship in the Service of the Church offer and how McCann and Weinberg weave them together in a seriesf thematic chapters Although many f the models share verlapping concepts and sometimes feel a bit redundant the conceptual synthesis n display here is impressiveI enjoyed the first half f this book much than the second half This is because Super Thinking starts Porter Earns a Quarter (Four Basic Skills Series, Volume 2) out by focusingn how mental models can improve Mayan, Incan, and Aztec Civilizations, Grades 5-8 our personal decision making whereas it ends with an examinationf how they can improve Tablettes Albertini Actes privés de l'époque vandale our performance in professional life I especially enjoyed the first four chapters which explain how to be less wrong in general how to avoid and effectively deal with unintended conseuences how to spend your time wisely and how understanding the lawsf nature can help us become realistic resilient and adaptableThere were several mental models that were new to me r that I enjoyed revisiting since I m bad at following them These include Overfitting the pposite Sexual Soulmates: The Six Essentials for Connected Sex (English Edition) of Ockham s razor When you use anverly complicated explanation when a simpler ne will do 10 Anchoring Your tendency to rely too heavily n first impressions when making decisions 14 Optimistic Probability Bias When you want something to be true so badly that you fool yourself into thinking it is likely to be true 33 Luck Surface Area Your personal luck surface area will increase as you interact with people in diverse situationsYou need to relax your rules for how you engage with the world 122My enjoyment Piazza, Student Edition: Introductory Italian of Super Thinking took a hit as the book became and preoccupied with professional achievement The latter chapters which have titles like Unlocking People s Potential and Flexing Your Market Power reveal an unacknowledged mental model that dominates McCann *and Weinberg s approach Modern America s hyper capitalized wayf defining success through market mechanisms material gain and labor competition *Weinberg s approach Modern America s hyper capitalized way Unbroken Circle: How to Take Your Family Through the End Time of defining success through market mechanisms material gain and labor competition exampleWhen you are undifferentiated with no sustainable competitive advantage and therefore no market power you are completely subject to the supply and demand forces in the market and the price they deliver to you That speaks to picking an industry in high demand for the long termIt also speaks to the need to differentiate yourself from your peers by developing a uniue setf skills that the market values Then you have the pportunity to demand higher compensation by demonstrating the distinctive value you bring to your employers r clients 284To be clear I don t think McCann and Weinberg are wrong about the importance and function f differentiation in the modern labor market Further I think their business related discussions throughout the book are both shrewd and well intentionedThe problem is that I have an intellectual aversion to this way f writing and thinking about human beings and the act f living If mental models really are as powerful and profound as McCann I picked this up for two reasons1 I ve read Gabriel s first book Traction and found it immensely helpful2 I m a big fan f ve read Gabriel s first book Traction and found it immensely helpful2 I m a big fan Tajweed Rules for Qur'anic Recitation: A Beginner's Guide (Tajweed Rules, of models Have read Robert Cialdini Dan Kahnemann Dan Ariely Malcolm Gladwell Richard Thaler a bunchf Selling to VITO the Very Important Top Officer: Get to the Top. Get to the Point. Get to the Sale. others including being a regular at Farnam Street though haven t been able to consistently use than a handfulf themSo picking a book being portrayed as a single treasure trove from a validated author seemed like a no brainer But I d have to say I m not extremely impressed by itFirst The Reformation (World History Series) of all it s extremely difficult to weave all the mental models into a story like format rather than just listing allf them ut I can totally understand the amount f work that must have gone into this to infuse storytelling and make it as relatable. You can't really know anything if you just remember isolated facts If the facts don't hang together Ask Me Nicely: Dark Urges Book One on a latticeworkf theory you don't have them in a usable form You've got to have models in your head Charlie Munger investor vice chairman Date With A Dead Doctor of Berkshire HathawayThe world's greatest problem solvers forecasters and decision makers all relyn a set Signs in the Heavens: A Jewish Messianic Perspective of the Last Days Coming Millennium of frameworks and shortcuts that help them cut through complexity and separate good ideas from badnes They're called mental models and you can find them in dense textbooks Daddy Lost Me At Poker (Eroticulture) (English Edition) on psychology physics economics and Or. Ou can find peoplen both sides with numbers to back up their position26 Survivorship bias surveys are filled by people who care enough to response Eg surviving WW2 planes were analysed and reinforced based Orb: A Tale of Alien Pregnancy on where they were hit the most but realised that these were the planes that survived and the places most hit are thenes that need the least reinforcements because Pilots can survive even when those areas are hit hard27 Bayesian starting from a prior intuition and converge toward the truth Faster but prone to local Witchopoly optimum Freuentist starting from scratch basedn cold hard numbers More accurate Dear Chandler, Dear Scarlett: A Grandfather's Thoughts on Faith, Family, and the Things That Matter Most only if there big enough and diversified sample size 28 Hysteresis system s current state can dependn its history eg T cells that help power Asesinato en una Lavandería China (Fondo Editorial Tierra Adentro our immune system upon activation would reuire lower threshold to reactivate29 Knowns and unknowns 2x2 matrix Objective is to move as many things it known knowns as possible Known unknowns get help fromthers who know unknown knowns get some experience unknown unknowns thought experiments scenario analysis to minimise blind spots30 Beware f groupthink Typically associated to person with the highest demonstration f confidence able to get their bandwagons going with followers jumping n uickly creating a convergent thinking environment 31 Social norms is powerful than market norms Eg ne is less likely to want to be paid by neighbours to babysit their kid vs doing them a favour 32 Distributive justice vs procedural justice euity vs euality 33 Strawman Beyond Time Travel - Exploring Our Parallel Worlds: Amazing Real Life Stories in the News (Time Travel Books Book 1) opponent misrepresent the issue by associating your argument to something else that s easy to attack and incite emotions34 Loss leader strategyne product is priced low to increase the demand for complementary products35 Sometimes the Boarding House of Hunks only winning move is not to play Not all conflicts need to be tackled headn r resolved Need to be selective else it is going to severely drain your resources36 Generals always fight the last war Successful people leaders are where they are because f their past victories and modus Bec (The Demonata, operandi which helped them leapfrog the then status uo Until when they become the status uo37 Organisations hardly ever have perfect resources nor can they always afford to wait until they have betternes before moving forward Great people are unlikely to be concentrated in a single The Further Mishaps of Charlie Chumpkins organisation Successfulrganisations are successful because right people are led in the right way38 10x teams r 10x employees Right confluence f factors to lead to superior performance However the utput may not be replicated when they switch roles r projects 39 Creating a 10x team reuires a leader to understand the difference and nuances It goes way beyond just putting a body n the job but having the right skills attitude personalities within the team More ften than not large Our Planet: Our Home organisations have the tendency to trust their processes too much that people feel like they re just a cog in the machine and hence feel disengaged insteadf creating a 10x team a 01x team was created40 Three types Kakoong, Pahlawan Pulau Awan Vol. 8 of people reuired in different phasesf rganisation project life cycles commando speed no rules create a beachhead army large numbers to build systems and infrastructures to extend advantage police enforce rules build stability for growth Having the wrong group at the wrong time can hurt you a lot than helps41 The fox knows many things but the hedgehog knows ne big thing Successful businesses were started by hedgehogs having a singular focus to be good at Journeys of Frodo: An Atlas of J.R.R.Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings one core idea However for the successful company to survive in the long term they need foxes Hedgehogs tend to have a focused world view whereas foxes tend to be cautious and pragmatic 42 When giving feedbacks with radical candour Being vague and abstract is much easier because it avoids the hard workf identifying specific examples and the psychological stress f debating the nuances around those specifics If you care enough for the person gotta put in the hard work43 Dunning Kruger effect early part f the learning curve is exciting But it is uickly followed by the reality n how much do you have to learn before you become the expert and finally the satisfying feeling when the expertise is btained Key is to not give up after the initial "EUPHORIA APPLIES TO MANY THINGS IN LIFE PEOPLE TEND "Applies to many things in life people tend be happier in their youth and ld age 44 Self serving bias you re likely to say that your mistakes could not have been predicted and likely to apply hindsight bias to be critical f thers45 Being explicit about the cultural norms in a company is ne A Stepdaughter In Heat (Daddy Daughter Sex Stories) of the most high leverage activities you can do as a leader46 Manager s schedule vs maker s schedule 47 Thenly way to generate utstanding returns is to be right and contrarian Just being right is not enough but don t be a contrarian for the sake f being a contrarian that s dangerous48 Vision without action is a daydream Action without vision is a nightmare Japanese proverb 49 OODA loop bserve rient decide act Air Force Pilots are trained to go through OODA loops uickly during dogfights where there s no time for analysis 50 Pivoting is difficult because it cuts against In the End organisational inertia involvespenly admitting failures and reuires finding a better solution all at the same time51 Only the paranoid survive As I read this book I would get up and go see myself in front f a mirror and say You know nothing John Snow lol This is ne f those books that will change your life uproot it twist it it will literally chew you and spit ut It combines the traditional and machine wisdomlearnings that is well written with examples to understandYou will think about your friends family co workers all the events in the past all the living and non living You would remember how some f these mental models were applied n you r how you unknowingly fell pray to themThis book has something for everyone Whether you are starting a company working a normal 9 5 job parenting play competitive sports etc the book ffers timeless mental models that will not just make you experience life through a whole new dimension but it will also help you get better at decision making reading people dealing with conflict motivating yourself and thers Awesome bookThe authors apparently wrote the book for themselves which makes it even useful and valuableI would have personally used even picturesgraphs to explain and compare ideasbehaviorA book worth returning to I have found my new favorite book and wrote 278 Anki cards to memorize all these mental models shared in the bookThis is not a book to read casually you probably wouldn t remember much f it This is a book to read slowly study and rememberThank you Gabriel *Weinberg and Laurent McCann for taking the time to write this book It will help me for many years to comeI Laurent McCann for taking the time to write this book It will help me many years to comeI I had it 15 years ago but life is a never ending self improvement experience Looking forward to changing from cargo cult scientist to super thinkerNow I ll have to find Super Thinking partners to join me The Age of Treachery on this journey. N • Ever sat through a bad movie just because you paid a lot for the ticket You might be falling prey to Sunk Cost Fallacy • Set up Forcing Functions like standing meetingr deadlines to help grease the wheels for changes you want to ccurSo the next time you find yourself faced with a difficult decision r just trying to understand a complex situation let Super Thinking upgrade your brain with mental modelsNote in the US the subtitle is The Big Book The Catcher in the Rye and Philosophy of Mental Models andutside it is Upgrade Your Reasoning and Make Better Decisions with Mental Models.

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