EBOOK FREE (Exploring Revolution Essays on Latin American Insurgency and Revolutionary Theory)
Architecture by Birds and Insects lIng in his diary or indeed kept a diary at all I must writeetters to Sartre and B Russell reuesting them to organize an international fund in support of the Bolivian Liberation Movement p 114The writer of course is Che Guevara I "m not too sure what point Wickham Crowley is making though aside from the disparity between intellectuals "not too sure what point Wickham Crowley is making though aside from the disparity between intellectuals peasantry With few exceptions the revolutionary movements in Latin America occurred at the junction between Communist ideology and peasant Solzhenitsyn
Argues That Literature Created that iterature created the upper classes about the ives the poor is always marred by the incapacity genuinely to understand They simply could not climb into the pelts of the members of the Microsociology lower stratum p 114Tolstoy tried his darnedest thoughGenerally absent from the guerrillas themes are abolition of private property in the means of production collectivization of agriculture the suppression of middlemen and of independent market activity not controlled by government That is guerrillas typically are not promoting the very institutions historically embedded in socialist economies dominated by Marxist inspired political parties that they seek to emulate after the revolution p 116Castro s revolution is as good an example of this as anyAs Peter Berger pointed out some time ago regardless of the comparative realities of capitalist and socialist societies there is no uestion that socialism has by far the better myths concerning the society it wishes to create p 118that terror may arise from the very attempt to reorganize morality on an a priori basiswhich is why Berger suggests cognitive respect as a fundamental ethical principle for development p 119Narodnichestvo practiced by Russia s agarian populists during the 1800s go out to the people share theirives and raise them up This was apparently embodied in the spirit of H ctor B jar of the Peruvian ELN Ej rcito de Liberaci n Nacional though not the ELN itself Pedagogy needs to be a mutual rapprochement rather than conversion p 121Therefore calls for the Lefty land for those who work it should not be considered rapprochement with peasant interests unless the revolutionaries evince a serious commitment to a type ofand reform congruent with peasant desires which clearly rules out collectivization no peasantry pace Communist Chinese claims has voluntarily collectivized itself in modern history p 122Trotskyists are distinguished from other Marxists by their categorical rejection of the growth. Tributors discuss revolutionary theory the nature of social movements and models of social action Topics.
Timothy P. Wickham-Crowley ä 0 FREE DOWNLOADOf a centralized bureaucratic state apparatus which becomes an organ for repressing the masses who made the revolution They therefore reject the Stalinist model p 123Is it possible to have post revolutionary mechanisms in the hands of the masses Guatemala MR 13 the function of the guerrillas is seen as that of organizing the peasants and becoming their revolutionary instrumentForay into network theory Indeed in some cases individuals joined the church while expressing complete disbelief in Moon s
read ideology Stark that the primary basis of conversion was attachment p 129For a grounded approach to the effect of social networks on revolutionary movements consider In the Time of the Butterflies by Julia AlvarezSendero Luminoso up to 6000 armed members with at east 20 supporters for each soldier unparalleled total institution in the form of University of Huamanga dominated education dept and outreach to indigenouspeasant highlands The Guatemalan guerrillas were helped in part by the strong solidarity of Indian communities in the western highlands once Indians decided to join the revolution they often did "so as villages not as individuals and both ORPA the Organization "as villages not as individuals and both ORPA the Organization the People in Arms and the EGP recruited through Indian mediators and in the Indian tongues while committing their organizations to racial euality as well as socialist revolution p 133Fidel Castro tapped into this preexisting social network when he signed an accord with P rez in mid 1956 which would give protection and Shadow of the Vampire land to the suatter population if it helped Castro to seize power p 134The Colombian guerrilla movement which officially began around 1965 can be summarized simply the guerrilla movements emerged from the peasantry rather than coming to the countryside and thus the whole mobilizational model isargely irrelevant to the Colombian experience as is the consciousness raising approach Those same areas Sumapaz Viot and Teuendama fell under the influence of the Colombian Communist Party PCC very early on and ater became the bases of true peasant republics which formed as self governing self defense areas during La Violencia of the 1950s p 135Tilly s analysis implies an aphorism no organizational mobilization of resources no revolutionary contention Disembodied hostility does not create a revolutionary movement As Trotsky noted some time ago if sheer exploitation were enough to generate an uprising then the masses would always be up in arms p 137. Raised include terror guerilla regimes mobilizing peasants and the vulnerability of regimes to revoluti. Ideology and Revolution The LimitationsTeachings Read Ideology Stark
Of Consciousness Raising In RevolutionaryConsciousness Raising in Revolutionary o conscientization or consciousness "raising Term introduced by Paulo Freire who sought to develop a critical pedagogy which was "Term introduced by Paulo Freire who sought to develop a critical pedagogy which was deeply entrenched in myopic egotism Freire instead argues that the illiterate peasant is iterally dehumanized by this pre elevated state of consciousness unlike the obviously human educator p 109Major difference between Marx Lenin Lenin saw the need for a revolutionary vanguard to foment ideology in the masses proletariat whereas Marx I guess supposed this might happen organically under the right circumstances Peter Berger has mounted a decisive phenomenological assault on the notion that human beings posssess higher or Human Aspects of Software Engineering lowerevels of consciousness From his perspective each human being inhabits a social meaning providing world one partially given and partially and socially constructed each such world is uniue although shared in varying degrees with other humans As opposed to Freire Berger posits the euality of all empirically available social worlds p 107We might infer a rule from this striking juxtaposition of saddening words you do not know who your bedfellows will be once you
begin discerning evels of consciousness p 110Eric Wolf Theda Skocpol Joel Migdal Jefferydiscerning evels of consciousness p 110Eric Wolf Theda Skocpol Joel Migdal Jeffery Samuel Popkin and James Scott have all in different manners made it abundantly clear that social and political constraints rather than false consciousness inhibit the collective radical action of the peasantry to paraphrase Mae West consciousness has nothing to do with it p 110Attack on Chomsky One of the remarkable features about such recurring works is how ittle the arguments rely on empirical research in the social sciences Wickham Crowley uses the example of American media advertising as a misconstrued alteration of consciousness as Barrington Moore argues the research findings suggest that ordinary people form their ideas from their immediate experiences not from mass media or not to any great extent p 111To assume that peasants can only attain higher evels of consciousness through interaction with revolutionaries is at best badly phrased To term that newfound consciousness higher than the previous one is merely hubris p 113Carlos Rangel suggested that a Boy Scout would have been better prepared for guerrilla activity than the typical bourgeois guerrillero of the 1960s What peasant guerrilla would have written the follow. This series of essays on insurgency and revolution focuses on events in Latin America since 1956 The con. .